Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great in Bible Prophecy

Alexander the Great in Bible Prophecy: Daniel Chapter 8

In the Bible, Daniel Chapter 8 makes detailed prophecies about a future Greek leader. Three hundred years later, Alexander the Great fulfilled these prophecies to the letter.

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Prophecy: A future Greek leader will advance rapidly from the west.

And as I was considering, suddenly a male goat [the Greek Empire] came from the west, across the surface of the whole earth, without touching the ground [this indicates fantastic speed]; and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes [Alexander the Great]. — Daniel 8:5

Fulfillment: Alexander the Great advanced so rapidly from the west, that military analysts to this day marvel at the speed and efficiency with which he moved his forces.  Later on in Chapter 8, Daniel specifically identifies the goat as Greece– a remarkable prophecy made 300 years before Greece would rise to power.

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Prophecy: Alexander the Great would attack and destroy the Media-Persian Empire, the dominant empire in the world.

Then he came to the ram that had two horns [One horn is Media, the other is Persia. This ram is the Medo-Persian Empire], which I had seen standing beside the river, and ran at him with furious power [Alexander’s forces attacked the Medo-Persian Empire].  And I saw him confronting the ram; he was moved with rage against him, attacked the ram, and broke his two horns. There was no power in the ram to withstand him, but he cast him down to the ground and trampled him; and there was no one that could deliver the ram from his hand [The Media-Persian Empire was to be annihilated by Alexander the Great]. ~ Daniel 8:6-7

Fulfillment: Alexander the Great annihilated the Media-Persian Empire.

map of media persian empire

Media-Persian Empire: Compare this map with the map of Alexander’s empire (below) to see that they are nearly identical. This demonstrates that Alexander completely conquered the Media-Persian empire.

map of alexander the great's empire

Alexander the Great’s Empire

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Prophecy: He will die when his power is strong.

…but when he became strong, the large horn was broken… — Daniel 8:8

Fulfillment: Alexander died after conquering the known world, at age 33.

death of alexander the great

Image Source: alexanderstomb.com

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Prophecy: His empire will be divided into four smaller empires, none of which would be as powerful as Alexander’s empire.

…and in place of it four notable ones came up toward the four winds of heaven… — Daniel 8:8

The large horn that is between its eyes is the first king. As for the broken horn and the four that stood up in its place, four kingdoms shall arise out of that nation, but not with its power. — Daniel 8:20-22

Fulfillment: Alexander’s empire was divided among four of his generals: Lysimachus, Cassander, Seleucus, & Ptolemy.  None of these empires ever equaled Alexander’s empire in power.

alexander's empire broken into four parts

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Prophecy: Daniel does not leave the identities of these two kingdoms as the “goat” and the “ram.”  He tells his readers exactly which empires will fulfill this prophecy– Greece and Media-Persia.

En cuanto al carnero que viste, que tenía dos cuernos, éstos son los reyes de Media y de Persia. El macho cabrío es el rey de Grecia… ~ Daniel 8:20-21

Fulfillment: Three hundred years later, Greece would crush the Media-Persian Empire.

alexander the great as the goat in daniel 8

Greece attacks Media-Persia. Since Greece came from the west, this view is from the north. Note the goat’s feet not touching the ground, indicating the fantastic speed with which Alexander moved his forces. (Image Source: web-books.com)

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