The popular teaching of Ezekiel 38 asserts that “Gog” is a Russian President, and that “Magog” is the land of Russia. However, the Bible itself teaches nothing of the kind.
Using the principle of letting the Bible interpret the Bible, we come to a different conclusion as to the identity of Gog, and the location of Magog.
Here are “Gog” and “Magog” in their context as seen in Ezekiel, Chapter 38:
The word of the LORD came to me: “Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech [Turkey] and Tubal [Turkey]; prophesy against him and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. I will turn you around, put hooks in your jaws and bring you out with your whole army — your horses, your horsemen fully armed, and a great horde with large and small shields, all of them brandishing their swords. Persia [Iran], Cush [Northern Sudan] and Put [Northern Africa west of Egypt] will be with them, all with shields and helmets, also Gomer [Turkey] with all its troops, and Beth Togarmah [Turkey] from the far north with all its troops — the many nations with you. ~ Ezekiel 38:1-6.
Using the principle of letting the Bible interpret the Bible, we see ZERO verification anywhere in scripture that Gog and Magog refer to Russia. To the contrary, hidden in plain sight in the end-times book of Revelation (and completely ignored by the Western church) are the words of Jesus Christ himself, whereby he is (figuratively) jumping up and down, waving his arms, and screaming for us to direct our end-times attention to Turkey, not Russia! He does this by personally dictating seven letters to seven specific churches, all of which are in Turkey.
Let me repeat that. Jesus addressed not one, not two, not three, but SEVEN letters to direct our end-times attention to Turkey! Even though the figurative envelopes into which Jesus placed these seven letters have very specific addresses on them (all of which are in Turkey), this specificity contradicts our Western tradition of expecting the Antichrist to come from a revived Roman Empire based in Europe, and of expecting Russia to lead an invasion of Israel, therefore we simply ignore this specificity and allegorize these letters as being addressed to “the church.”
No less an authority than Jesus Christ himself tells us the nation in which Satan has his throne– Turkey, not Russia!
And to the angel of the church in Pergamos [Pergamum] write… I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat [throne] is… where Satan dwelleth. ~ Revelation 2:12-13
Pergamum is in Turkey, not Russia. If Jesus Christ himself tells us that Satan is headquartered in Turkey, why do we insist on moving him to Russia? The Bible is 66 books by 40 authors written over many centuries. Not one verse in the Bible is written in a vacuum. In other words, if you find something in the Bible you don’t understand, you will find the answer somewhere else in the Bible. This is using the Bible to interpret the Bible. Using this method, it is impossible to conclude that “Gog” and “Magog” refer to Russia.
When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece [The Hebrew “Yavan,” which is Ionia, in modern-day Turkey, not Russia!]… the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning… The LORD of hosts shall defend them… [Since Messiah is personally participating in this battle, this happens on the day of the Lord.] ~ Zechariah 9:13-15
They of Persia [Iran] and of Lud [From the Assyrian “Luddu,” which is the Turkish “Lydia,” which is in Turkey, not Russia, and not Europe!] and of Phut [Northern Africa west of Egypt] were in thine [the Antichrist’s] army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness. ~ Ezekiel 27:10
The Ezekiel 38 battle happens at the day of the Lord, and the ring leader will be Turkey, not Russia. And for those who say the Ezekiel 38 battle occurs before the day of the Lord, not during the day of the Lord:
Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal: And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel: And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand. Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD. And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD. So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel. Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken. ~ Ezekiel 39:1-8
When this battle happens, Messiah (Jesus) will be the Holy One in Israel, not the Holy One of Israel. Messiah is the on-scene commander of this battle. He is there. Ezekiel 38 happens on the day of the Lord.
And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, that my fury shall come up in my face. ~ Ezekiel 38:18
Messiah’s face is a physical attribute– just like the wound Thomas touched in the upper room, just like the feet that will touch the Mount of Olives. Messiah is physically present in the Ezekiel 38 battle because it happens on the day of the Lord.
“Gog” is the Antichrist, who will be the leader of Turkey, not Russia. “Magog” is Turkey, not Russia. Ezekiel 38 happens on the day of the Lord.
Please note, I used the Bible to interpret the Bible. I did not use commentaries to interpret the Bible. Using the Bible to interpret the Bible, we see that Turkey beats Russia by a knockout for the Magog title. However, even if I used extra-Biblical scholarly sources, we still see that Magog is in Turkey, not Russia.
When we let the Bible interpret the Bible, we see zero Biblical foundation for the popular assertion in today’s American churches that Magog is Russia. The Bible repeatedly points us to Turkey, not Russia, as the ring leader of Israel’s end-times enemies.
The Bible is always proven true.