To identify the New Eve, we observe the stunning parallel between the Book of Genesis and the Gospel of John.
The Bible explicitly tells us that Jesus is the New Adam.
For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. ~ 1 Corinthians 15:22
So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam [Christ], a life-giving spirit. ~ 1 Corinthians 15:45
The Bible typologically tells us that Mary is the New Eve. That is, when we overlay the template of Genesis with the template of John, it is like an eye doctor adjusting two different lenses to produce one clear vision.
- In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. ~ Genesis 1:1
- In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. ~ John 1:1
- … God created the heavens and the earth. ~ Genesis 1:1
- Through him [Jesus] all things were made… ~ John 1:3
- …the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. ~ Genesis 1:2 [The Spirit of God hovered above the waters.]
- …the one [God] who sent me [John the Baptist] to baptize with water told me, ‘The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is he who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’ ~ John 1:33-34
- As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water… At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him. ~ Matthew 3:16 [The Spirit of God hovered above the waters of Baptism.]
- And God said, “Let there be light ,” and there was light. ~ Genesis 1:3-4
- In him [Jesus] was… the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. ~ John 1:4-5
- …the LORD God… was walking in the garden in the cool of the day… ~ Genesis 3:8
- The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. ~ John 1:14
- And there was evening, and there was morning — the first day. ~ Genesis 1:5
- And there was evening, and there was morning — the second day. ~ Genesis 1:8
- And there was evening, and there was morning — the third day. ~ Genesis 1:13
- And there was evening, and there was morning — the fourth day. ~ Genesis 1:19
- And there was evening, and there was morning — the fifth day. ~ Genesis 1:23
- And there was evening, and there was morning — the sixth day. ~ Genesis 1:31
- And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy [sabbath], because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done. ~ Genesis 2:3
- The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! ~ John 1:29
- The next day John was there again with two of his disciples. 36 When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look, the Lamb of God!” ~ John 1:35-36
- The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. Finding Philip, he said to him, “Follow me.” ~ John 1:43
- The next day the crowd that had stayed on the opposite shore of the lake realized that only one boat had been there, and that Jesus had not entered it with his disciples, but that they had gone away alone. ~ John 6:22
- The next day the great crowd that had come for the Feast heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem. ~ John 12:12
- Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. ~ John 19:31
- The man [Adam] said, “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she [Eve] shall be called ‘woman,’ for she was taken out of man.” ~ Genesis 2:23
- “Dear woman [Mary], why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My time has not yet come.” ~ Jesus Christ, John 2:4
- This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh… For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife… ~ Genesis 2:23-24 [The story of God’s first covenant involves a wedding.]
- On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother [Mary] was there… ~ John 2:1 [The story of God’s new Covenant involves a wedding.]
- …the woman… gave some [fruit] to her husband… and he ate it. ~ Genesis 3:6-7 [The first Eve prompted the first Adam to sin.]
- When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother [Mary] said to him, “They have no more wine.” …Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim. …the water that had been turned into wine. ~ John 2:3-9 [The New Eve prompted the New Adam to perform his first miracle.]
- Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living. ~ Genesis 3:20
- When Jesus saw his mother [Mary] there, and the disciple whom he loved [John] standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Dear woman, here is your son,” and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” ~ John 19:25-27 [Jesus makes Mary the mother of the Church.]
- Then the dragon [Satan] was enraged at the woman [Mary] and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring — those who obey God’s commandments and hold to the testimony of Jesus [i.e., Christians, the Church]. ~ Revelation 12:17 [Both the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John were written by the Apostle John.]
Obedience vs. Disobedience
The first Eve’s act of disobedience (eating the fruit) brought sin and death into the world. The New Eve’s act of obedience (saying yes to Gabriel’s pronouncement of a son) brought salvation and life into the world.
Without Original Sin (Immaculately Conceived)
Just as the first Adam and the first Eve were born without original sin, the New Adam and the New Eve were born without original sin. This has always been the Catholic Church’s teaching.
Jesus Plus Or Jesus Minus
Mary as the New Eve is a doctrine mostly unheard of in modern American Christianity. When heard at all, it is dismissed as a “Catholic” doctrine. Catholics are often accused of adding to the Word of God. But did they?
Did Catholics add to the Word of God, or did anti-Catholics subtract from it? Is Catholicism “Jesus plus” or is anti-Catholicism “Jesus minus”? It is my opinion that the further we march along in time after Christ’s ascension, the more of the Faith that He left us is stripped away by anti-Catholics. While Catholics are accused of adding to the Word of God, I believe that anti-Catholics have actually subtracted from the Word of God. I believe that subtracting from the Word of God is like amputating parts of Jesus Christ.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. ~ John 1:1
Jesus is the Word. I don’t believe we get to remove parts of Him.
I believe that the Reformers themselves would be shocked at what much of American Christianity looks like today, as they held dear many doctrines dismissed as “Catholic” by many of today’s American Christians. I believe that if a modern Catholic Christian and a modern anti-Catholic Christian took a time machine back to the Church launched by Jesus Christ and the Apostles he sent forth, the Catholic would feel right at home, and the anti-Catholic would not recognize the place.
Rather than Catholicism being “Jesus plus,” I believe anti-Catholicism to be “Jesus minus.”
The Bible is always proven true.